Deprivation

Leeds - Deprivation - UTLA

Deprivation overview profile observatory

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Leeds - Deprivation - UTLA - Leeds

Deprivation overview profile observatory

Leeds

Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) - Leeds summary

LSOAs (Lower-layer Super Output Areas) are small areas designed to be of a similar population size, with approximately 1,500 residents or 650 households. They were created by the Office of National Statistics and are a standard way of dividing up the whole country.
For ease of communication, LSOAs are sometimes referred to as 'neighbourhoods' or 'small areas' .
The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2015 is the official measure of relative deprivation for small areas in England.  The IMD ranks every small area (LSOA) in England from 1 (most deprived area) to 32,844 (least deprived area). To understand how it works, see Index of Multiple Deprivation and Leeds storymap

The IMD is principally used for looking at small areas in order to identify pockets of deprivation. However, the government also produce a range of different measures to help understand patterns of deprivation for larger areas e.g. local authorities. No single summary measure is the 'best' as each highlights different aspects of deprivation and each leads to a different ranking of areas.

How does Leeds rank in the different local authority summary measures?

Deprivation levels are not evenly spread across Leeds. 105 out of the 482 LSOAs in Leeds are in decile 1 -the most deprived 10% nationally - and 41 are in decile 10 - the least deprived 10% nationally.  There are also neighbourhoods in all the other deciles.

Our Index of Multiple Deprivation and Leeds storymap explains more about this - or go straight to the IMD map to explore the pattern of deprivation across Leeds.

The pie chart shows the proportion of LSOAs in each decile.  Decile 1 (dark blue) is the most deprived 10% in England while decile 10 (yellow) is the least deprived 10%.

Local authorities are often ranked on the proportion of neighbourhoods in the most deprived 10% nationally. Leeds is ranked at 31 out of 326 local authority districts (1 is most deprived).

 

#color:0xFFFF00 Decile 10, 41 (8.51 %) #color:0xF0FF30 Decile 9, 40 (8.30 %) #color:0xE0FF70 Decile 8, 46 (9.54 %) #color:0xE0FFA0 Decile 7, 50 (10.37 %) #color:0xC0E1B0 Decile 6, 40 (8.30 %) #color:0x90FFB0 Decile 5, 38 (7.88 %) #color:0x70FFD0 Decile 4, 34 (7.05 %) #color:0x40E0FF Decile 3, 45 (9.34 %) #color:0x2080FF Decile 2, 43 (8.92 %) #color:0x0000FF Decile 1, 105 (21.78 %) Proportion of LSOAs in  Leeds in each IMD Decile
Rank 31

out of 326 local authorities in England on
IMD - Rank of proportion of LSOAs in most deprived 10% nationally (Districts) 
 (rank 1 is most deprived)
Source: DCLG, 2015
The ranking of Leeds varies considerably depending on the measure.

When looking at average rank, the less deprived LSOAs in Leeds 'average out' the extremely deprived LSOAs. Leeds is ranked at 100 out of 326 local authorities on average rank.

There are two measures which identify local authority districts with large numbers of people experiencing deprivation. These are the income scale and the employment scale
The income scale ranks local authorities on the number of people experiencing income deprivation. Leeds had the 3rd highest number (with Birmingham ranked 1 and Manchester ranked 2.)
The employment scale ranks local authorities on the number of people experiencing employment deprivation. Leeds had the 3rd highest number (with Birmingham ranked 1 and Liverpool ranked 2.)
Rank 100

out of 326 local authorities in England on
IMD - Rank of average rank (Districts) 
 (rank 1 is most deprived)
Source: DCLG, 2015
Rank 3

out of 326 local authorities in England on
Income - Rank of scale (Districts) 
 (rank 1 is most deprived)
Source: DCLG, 2015
Rank 3

out of 326 local authorities in England on
Employment - Rank of scale (Districts) 
 (rank 1 is most deprived)
Source: DCLG, 2015

How does Leeds rank across the different deprivation indices?

The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) combines data from seven different domains of deprivation to produce an overall score.
The results for the separate domains are also published. The table below shows how Leeds ranks in each of those domains.  
Ranks are out of the 326 local authorities with a rank of 1 being the most deprived.

Leeds
IMD - Rank of average rank100
Income - Rank of average rank125
Employment - Rank of average rank129
Education, Skills and Training - Rank of average rank134
Health Deprivation and Disability - Rank of average rank66
Crime - Rank of average rank69
Barriers to Housing and Services - Rank of average rank192
Living Environment - Rank of average rank51
Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) - Rank of average rank109
Income Deprivation Affecting Older People (IDAOPI) - Rank of average rank105
Source: DCLG, 2015
The government provide a guidance note and other resources about the Index of Multiple Deprivation - https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/english-indices-of-deprivation-2015 
Report generated at LeedsLeeds