Section 10: Index of Multiple Deprivation

Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2015

The IMD 2015 figures were released by the government in October 2015. The Guide to Deprivation Resources has links to various resources about the IMD on the Leeds Observatory and elsewhere. The table below shows an overview of change between the IMD 2010 and IMD 2015.

Table 10.1

Most 10% Deprived Nationally IMD 2015 IMD 2010 5 year change
Percentage of SOAs 22% 19.3% +2.7
Number of SOAs 105 92 +13
Number of People 164,000 150,000 +14,000
Source: DCLG 2015

The IMD measures relative levels of deprivation in 32,844 small areas or neighbourhoods, called Lower-layer Super Output Areas (LSOAs) in England. Leeds has 482 LSOAs.  Since the 1970s DCLG and its predecessors have calculated local measures of deprivation in England.

The 2015 indices are based on broadly the same methodology as the 2010 Indices. Although it is not possible to use the IMD to measure changes in the level of deprivation in places over time, it is possible to explore changes in relative deprivation, or changes in the pattern of deprivation, between this and previous updates of the IMD.

It should also be noted that the IMD is an overall measure of conditions in every neighbourhood in England.  It is important to note that these statistics are a measure of relative deprivation, not affluence, and to recognise that not every person in a highly deprived area will themselves be deprived.  Likewise, there will be some deprived people living in the least deprived areas.

The most common method of ranking local authorities with the IMD measures the proportion of LSOAs in the most deprived 10% nationally.  Against this method, Leeds is ranked 31 out of 326 local authorities.

Analysis of the 10% Most Deprived LSOAs shows that Leeds has:

  • 105 neighbourhoods (LSOAs) in the most deprived 10% nationally.
  • This is 22% of all Leeds LSOAs, up 2.7 percentage places on IMD 2010.
  • 164,000 people in Leeds live in areas that are ranked amongst the most deprived 10% nationally; the corresponding figure in the 2010 Index was 150,000 people.

The IMD 2015 assigns a score and a rank to each of the 32,844 Lower Level Super Output Areas  (SOAs) in England. In each case, a rank of “1” indicates the most deprived within the measure and a rank of “32,844” indicates the least deprived.

In the 2010 Index the city’s most deprived LSOA was ranked at 114 on the national scale – Spencer Place, Bankside St – it is now ranked at 554. Leeds now has three LSOAs in the most deprived 100 in England:

  • Stratford Street, Beverleys Ranked at 22
  • Crosby St, Recreations… Ranked at 37
  • Lincoln Green Ranked at 66